Help some Runaway, Homeless, and kids
that are virtually throwaways.
Sand Hill Road
New Riders of
the Purple Sage
The Trips Festival
The Grateful Dead
Silicon Valley Renaissance
Economist Enrico Moretti from UC Berkeley said in reference to Silicon Valley, "The social
multiplier effect - how a phenomeno in a particular area is amplified by the itneractions of
people within a network - is a crucial competitive advantage that innovation clusters have
over other localities...An innovative firm in the Valley grows not just on the expertise of its
own workers, but it grows on the entire ecosystem that surrounds it."
Thompson in his book From Counterculture to Cyberculture connects the dots in Silicon Valley
with Stewart Brand and his Whole Earth Catalog, The Well, Jerry Garcia and the Grateful Dead,
Dead songwriter John Perry Barlow, Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters to Hewlett-Packard,
Stanford University, Apple, andthe rise of the Digital Age in Silicon Valley in a masterful book.
SILICON VALLEY TIMELINE...
1909: Charles Herrold in San Jose starts the first radio station in the USA with regularly scheduled programming
1939: Fred Terman's students William Hewlett and David Packard start a company to produce their
1956: Charles Ginsburg of Ampex Corporation builds the first practical videotape recorder
1957: Dean Watkins of Stanford's ERL founds Watkins-Johnson, one of the first venture-capital
funded companies in the Santa Clara Valley
1958: NASA opens a research center near Mountain View.
1961: Jerry Garcia and Robert Hunter's first paying gig as a folk duo in the South Bay was in Menlo
Park at Peninsula School.
1961-63: Jerry Garcia, Daivid Nelson,Bob Hunter and others lived in a rambling house near the
Southern end of Santa Cruz Avenue called "The Chateau" in Menlo Park.
1962-65: Tom Wolfe immortalized Ken Kesey's house on Petty Lane in his book The Electric Kool
Aid Acid Test
1962: Michael Murphy founds the "Esalen Institute" at Big
Sur to promote spiritual healing
1964: MkUltra's alumnus Ken Kesey organizes the "Merry Pranksters" who travel around the country
in a "Magic Bus", live in a commune in La Honda and experiment with "acid tests" (LSD)
1965: Owsley "Bear" Stanley synthesizes crystalline LSD and George Hunter of the Charlatans
introduces the "light show" in rock concerts.
1966: Steward Brand organizes the "Trips Festival" putting together Ken Kesey's "Acid Test",
Jacopetti's Open Theater, Sender's Tape Music Center and bands including the Grateful Dead and
Hewlett-Packard enters the business of general-purpose computers with the HP-2115
1967 The first "Summer of Love" of the hippies is held in San Francisco, and a three-day "Acid
Test" is held in San Francisco with the Grateful Dead
performing later a
"Human Be-In" is held at the Golden Gate Park in San Francisco and
Monterey hosts a rock festival
1969: Construction begins at 3000 Sand Hill Road, in Menlo Park, soon to become the headquarters
of the venture-capital community and the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) demonstrates Shakey
1970: Five of the seven largest USA semiconductor
manufacturers are located in Santa Clara Valley,
Heuristic Programming Project for research in Artificial Intelligence
1972: Magnavox introduces the first videogame console, the "Odyssey" and Nolan Bushnell invents
the first videogame, "Pong", an evolution of Magnavox's Odyssey, and founds Atari, Venture-capitalist company Kleiner-Perkins, founded by Austrian-born Eugene Kleiner of Fairchild Semiconductor and
former Hewlett-Packard executive Tom Perkins, opens offices in Menlo Park on Sand Hill Rd, followed
by Don Valentine of Fairchild Semiconductor who founds Capital Management Services, later renamed Sequoia Capital, and Electronics writer Don Hoeffler coins the term "Silicon Valley"
1973: Stanley Cohen of Stanford University and Herbert Boyer of UC San Francisco create the first recombinant DNA organism, virtually inventing "biotechnology"
TO BE CONTINUED...
Eadweard James Muybridge ( / /; 9 April 1830 Ė 8 May 1904) was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies ofmotion and in motion-picture projection. He adopted the name Eadweard Muybridge, believing it to be the original Anglo-Saxon form of his name. He immigrated to the United States as a young man but remained obscure until 1868, when his large photographs of Yosemite Valley, California, made him world famous. Muybridge is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion in 1877 and 1878, which used multiple cameras to capture motion in stop-action photographs, and his zoopraxiscope, a device for projectingmotion pictures that pre-dated the flexible perforated film strip used in cinematography.
In his earlier years in San Francisco, Muybridge had become known for his landscape photography, particularly of the Yosemite Valley.
Muggeridge emigrated to the United States at the age of 25, arriving in San Francisco in 1855, a few years after California became a state, and while the city was still the "capital of the Gold Rush." He started a career as a publisher's agent for the London Printing and Publishing Company, and as a bookseller. At the time, the city was booming, with 40 bookstores, nearly 60 hotels and a dozen photography studios
In 1872, the former governor of California Leland Stanford, a businessman and race-horseowner, hired Muybridge for some photographic studies. He had taken a position on a popularly debated question of the day ó whether all four feet of a horse were off the ground at the same time while trotting. The same question had arisen about the actions of horses during a gallop. The human eye could not break down the action at the quick gaits of the trot and gallop. Up until this time, most artists painted horses at a trot with one foot always on the ground; and at a full gallop with the front legs extended forward and the hind legs extended to the rear, and all feet off the ground. Stanford sided with the assertion of "unsupported transit" in the trot and gallop, and decided to have it proven scientifically. Stanford sought out Muybridge and hired him to settle the question.
In 1872, Muybridge settled Stanford's question with a single photographic negative showing his Standardbred trotting horse Occident airborne at the trot. This negative was lost, but the image survives through woodcuts made at the time (the technology for printed reproductions of photographs was still being developed). He later did additional studies, as well as improving his camera for quicker shutter speed and faster film emulsions. By 1878, spurred on by Stanford to expand the experiments, Muybridge had successfully photographed a horse at a trot; lantern slides have survived of this later work. Scientific American was among the publications at the time that carried reports of Muybridge's groundbreaking images.
Stanford also wanted a study of the horse at a gallop. Muybridge planned to take a series of photos on 15 June 1878 at Stanford's Palo Alto Stock Farm. He placed numerous large glass-plate cameras in a line along the edge of the track; the shutter of each was triggered by a thread as the horse passed. The path was lined with cloth sheets to reflect as much light as possible. (In later studies he used a clockwork device to set off the shutters and capture the images.) He copied the images in the form of silhouettes onto a disc to be viewed in a machine he had invented, which he called a zoopraxiscope. This device was later regarded as an early movie projector, and the process as an intermediate stage toward motion pictures or cinematography.
The study is called Sallie Gardner at a Gallop or The Horse in Motion; it shows images of the horse with all feet off the ground. This did not take place when the horse's legs were extended to the front and back, as imagined by contemporary illustrators, but when its legs were collected beneath its body as it switched from "pulling" with the front legs to "pushing" with the back legs.
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